Arbitrary (and unjustified) cut-off of r² [RSABE / ABEL]

posted by Helmut Homepage – Vienna, Austria, 2012-05-06 15:29 (4462 d 10:16 ago) – Posting: # 8519
Views: 14,258

Dear Detlew & AB!

❝ Not to calculate the AUC(0-inf) values if the fit of the terminal part of the concentration-time curves had an r2 value less than 80% is at least statistically not very sound, not to say nonsense IMHO :smoke:.


Yes! Explained variance (sloppy: information) in regression (strongly!) depends on the sample size. See here and a rather lengthy thread of 2002 at David Bourne’s PKPD-list.
Critical values of \(\small{r}\) according to Odeh (1982)1 (and modified for \(\small{r^2}\)); one sided, 5%:$$\small{\begin{array}{rcc}
n & r & r^2\\\hline
3 & 0.9877 & 0.9755\\
4 & 0.9000 & 0.8100\\
5 & 0.805\phantom{0} & 0.6486\\
6 & 0.729\phantom{0} & 0.5319\\
7 & 0.669\phantom{0} & 0.4481\\
8 & 0.621\phantom{0} & 0.3863\\
9 & 0.582\phantom{0} & 0.3390\\
10 & 0.549\phantom{0} & 0.3018\\
11 & 0.521\phantom{0} & 0.2719\\
12 & 0.497\phantom{0} & 0.2473\\
13 & 0.476\phantom{0} & 0.2267\\
14 & 0.457\phantom{0} & 0.2093\\
15 & 0.441\phantom{0} & 0.1944\\\hline
\end{array}}$$ In other words, an \(\small{r^2}\) of 0.6486 from five data points denotes the same ‘quality of fit’ than an \(\small{r^2}\) of 0.9755 from three. Searching the forum I get the impression that you (AB) are not alone with a cut-off of 0.80. Justification: nil. Maybe there is some copypasting going on? If you really want to use a cut-off (which I don’t recommend and is not required in any GL) take the number of data points into account. I strongly suggest to revise your SOP.
BTW, visual inspection of fits is mandatory (see there with references). Don’t trust in numbers alone. A classical example is Anscombe’s quartet.2

[image]

All data sets: \(\small{\bar{x}=9.0,\,s_x^2=11,\,\bar{y}=7.5,\,s_x^2=4.1\rightarrow\widehat{y}=3+0.5\cdot x,\,R_{yx}^2=0.82\ldots}\)


  1. Odeh RE. Critical values of the sample product-moment correlation coefficient in the bivariate distribution. Commun Statist–Simula Computa. 1982; 11(1): 1–26. doi:10.1080/03610918208812243.
  2. Anscombe FJ. Graphs in statistical analysis. Am Stat. 1973; 27: 17–21. doi:10.2307/2682899.

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