Hel­mert trans­for­ma­tion? [Software]

posted by Helmut Homepage – Vienna, Austria, 2022-04-04 16:23 (775 d 00:03 ago) – Posting: # 22907
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Hi Shatha,

❝ I have 2 treatments, 2 periods, crossover, multiple dose, steady state study.

❝ The last 3 pre-dose concentrations should be used for steady state verification for each subject in each period.


You can’t verify anything in science.
In statistics you can only try reject a properly stated null hypothesis – which is in your case what? Any test at level \(\small{\alpha}\) has an unavoidable false positive rate. Do you want to exclude \(\small{(100\times\alpha)\%}\) of subjects although they are in (pseu­do) steady state?

❝ I need your help to perform this verification using Helmert transformation method …


Do you have a reference demonstrating its application in PK? Never came across this approach in 40+ years. See there why statistical tests are nonsense – essentially because we don’t have a proper null.

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